A pilot program that is set to debut in eight states will allow students to graduate high school as early as the end of 10th grade if they pass certain exams and demonstrate subject mastery. Upon “graduation,” these students will enroll in community colleges.
About the New Program
The new program, as the New York Times reports, will allow 10th graders who pass “board exams” in math, English, history, and science to graduate two years early and begin taking courses at a community college if they so choose.
Those students who pass the exams but want to attend a selective four-year college or university may choose to continue taking high school courses during their 11th and 12th grade years. Those students who do not pass the tests in 10th grade will have the opportunity to take the exams again at the end of their 11th and 12th grade years.
The Program’s Goals
Reduce Need for Remedial Coursework in College
One of the program’s goals is to reduce the numbers of students who enter community colleges and four-year universities unprepared for college-level work. The New York Times reports that nationwide, “more than a million college freshmen require remedial coursework each year.”
The National Center on Education and the Economy, which is organizing the program, says that students who require remedial coursework are more likely to drop out before earning a degree, as Rhode Island’s Providence Journal reports.
The new program will address the problem of under-prepared college students by providing high school students with a clearer picture of what they need to study and master if they are to succeed in college, as educational consultant Phil Daro tells the Times.
Implement Recommendations from 2006’s Bi-Partisan Education Panel
The program is in part a result of recommendations that a bi-partisan education panel made in 2006. The recommendation was for America to adopt a system of board examinations in high school, similar to the kind seen in countries that perform well on international education assessments, such as Denmark, England, Finland, France, and Singapore.
Allow Students to Move On to Higher Education and Careers at their Own Pace
Supporters also hope that the program will allow those high school students ready for higher education or vocational career paths to do so earlier if they are ready at a younger age. Deborah A. Gist, the Education Commissioner of participating state Rhode Island, told the Providence Journal that the program will help the public education system to be “flexible” enough to meet the needs of students with a range of abilities, while also ensuring that all students are adequately prepared to succeed in higher education.
Help Meet the Needs of Struggling Students
Writing for the New York Times’s “Room for Debate” feature, Marc Tucker, president of the National Center on Education and the Economy, asserts that board examination programs will help struggling students by providing students and teachers with information about where a student is “falling short,” and thus, will allow students and teachers to customize the students’ studies to address weak points.
The program will kick off in fall 2011 in Connecticut, Kentucky, Maine, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The Times reports that the education commissioners of these states have pledged to sign up 10 to 20 schools in each of their states to participate in the pilot project.
The program is being helped by a $1.5 million planning grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to the National Center on Education and Economy, who will work with states and districts to start up the new program. Participating states also plan to fund the program by applying for some of the $350 million of federal stimulus money that is available to states that take steps to improve standardized testing programs.
Eventually, the National Center on Education and the Economy hopes that all of the high schools in the participating states will sign on to the program and that the program will spread to more states.
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